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Central Asian Countries Initiative for Land Management

Agroecosystems

Syrdarya province

Agroecosystem: Irrigated

Country: Uzbekistan

Province: Syrdarya province

District: Bayavut district

Community: Bayavut-3

GPS coordinates of farm:        

1st point - N 40.407522; E 68.968131;   2nd point - N 40.407624; E 68.976175;

3rd point - N 40.406485; E 68.976567;   4th point - N 40.40631; E 68.968918

Technology package tested: Secondary salinization prevention agrotechnology on reclaimed low-saline soils in irrigated agroecosystems

Area under demonstration: 3 ha

Starting and ending year of the demonstrated technology package: 2014-2016.

Name of farmer: Mr. Bozorboy Suvanov

Age: 51.

Household size: 9 people.

Farm type or what is this farm mainly engaged in: Animal husbandry, cultivation of cotton and grain crops

Sources of off farm (household) income: no

What percentage of annual household income comes from agricultural production on the farm: 90%

Total farm size: 70.0 ha, including 67.0 ha of the irrigated land.

Source of irrigation: Canal.

Area under crops and type of crops: Production of cotton and winter wheat on 65.0 ha, including cotton on 39 ha, grain crops on 24 ha, other crops on 2 ha.

Number and type of livestock: Cattle – 20 heads, small cattle - 20 heads.

Number and type of trees: No.

Have you expanded the area of land under the technology being tested since you first started experimenting with this package:

The area of the technology testing was 3 ha in 2014 and will be expanded in 2015. Application of one technology cycle lasts 2-2.5 years. The technology is implemented for the first time since 2014 on the area of 3 ha; it is not expanded yet. The reason for the interest to this technology is a possibility to cultivate repeated (maize) and intermediate (rye) crops, which allow receiving additional products for development of the animal husbandry. Besides, it promotes improvement of soil fertility, prevention of its salinization, decrease of application rates of mineral fertilizers, soil preservation from erosion.

Please provide more explanation, if Y to the above:Except for a demonstration site, the farmer does not apply this technology in the other areas as it is tested for the first time in summer of 2014.

Why are you interested in this technology package? What are the most beneficial outcomes that you have attained since testing this technology?I am interested in this technology because except for the cultivation of the main crops it is possible to produce additional, repeated (maize) and intermediate (rye) crops, which allow receiving products for animal husbandry development. I received 10-20 t/ha of forage from the repeated and intermediate crops.

What is the next best alternative to use your land, if you did not implement this technology package? There was no alternative, except for cultivation of cotton / winter wheat rotation and traditional application of high rates of mineral fertilizers. In addition, it is obligatory to apply organic fertilizers (manure) to increase soil fertility and productivity of the staple crops.

What are the main advantages/benefits of this technology package being tested relative to the next best alternative that you identified? Benefit from the use of applied technology package is obvious as there is a saving of mineral fertilizers, obtaining additional incomes from repeated crop yields and possibility of development of animal husbandry from cultivation of repeated (maize) and intermediate (rye, oats, etc.) crops.

Have any of your neighbours adopted the technology package that you are testing? Yes, but the technology is not completely applied. They apply high rates of manure, cultivate repeated (maize, mung bean) crops in the end of "cotton-wheat" rotation, did not sow intermediate crops

If yes to the above, which neighbour(s) (specify their names & location)? "Garasha" farm, Bayavut-2 massif, farmer Abdulaziz

What are the main challenges that you have faced since initiating this demonstration site? Lack of manure-spreading machinery, problems with transportation of organic fertilizers.

In your opinion, is this technology package suitable for all types of farmers? This technologyis suitable for the farmers cultivating “cotton – grain” chain, except for cattle-breeders.

Is this technology package relevant for females in your household? (interview to probe on whether the technology package has affected the number of hours that females provide to agriculture, or whether it has made certain production practices easier (less labour intensive) for women (but also men))

It concerns women and youth regarding an improvement of their materialwell-being. It first of all concerns women and youth, and also men - land users as they are released from conducting soil salinity leaching during autumn and spring periods.

If you had to pay the full cost for implementing this technology package, would you have initiated this demonstration site? Yes, in addition to production of the State Order crops, this technology allows to grow repeated (maize, mung bean, other crops) for trade in a market, and intermediate crops for the development of animal husbandry.

Please propose at least one advice that you would like to provide to the agricultural research community or a desire for the development of technologies that can assist you in improving your household’s wellbeing. It would be desirable that scientists inform land users about the achievements of a science concerning new technologies by carrying out trainings, demonstrations and seminars regarding sustainable land management.

Project Purpose

Acting as an information repository and knowledge hub, this website helps to increase the use of innovations developed by the well-established CACILM Project in Central Asia. Its synthesis, compilation, and dissemination of current research provide a secure knowledge base that policymakers and other stakeholders can access and utilize to develop sustainable strategies capable of addressing the region’s severe land degradation.

The Project is funded by IFAD and led by ICARDA under framework of CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems.

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