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Central Asian Countries Initiative for Land Management

Agroecosystems

Central Tajikistan

Agroecosystem: Pasture

Country: Tajikistan

Province: Central Tajikistan

District: Gissar district

Community: Sharora village

GPS coordinates of farm:

1st point - N 38.481681; E 68.669306;            2nd point - N 38.482816; E 68.669865;

3rd point - N 38.482656; E 68.670376;            4th point - N 38.48153; E 68.66997

Technology package tested: Technology of cultivation of pasture crops.

Area under demonstration: 0.2 ha.

Starting and ending year of the demonstrated technology package: March, 2014 - June, 2016.

Name of farmer: Mr. Shamsov Atokhudzha (chairman of an experimental-industrial farm).

Age: 53.

Household size: 6 people.

Farm type or what is this farm mainly engaged in: crop production and animal husbandry.

Sources of off farm (household) income: Trade of agricultural products.

What percentage of annual household income comes from agricultural production on the farm: 70%

Total farm size: 522 ha, including 268 ha of irrigated and 254 ha of rainfed land.

Source of irrigation: Canal (for irrigated land), precipitation (on rainfed land)

Area under crops and type of crops: cotton on 25 ha, flax on 5 ha, safflor on 3 ha, grain crops on 372 ha including winter wheat on 341 ha; winter barley on 15 ha, maize for grain on 5 ha, rice on 6 ha, chick-pea on 5 ha, potatoes on 2 ha, vegetables on 2 ha, forage crops (beet, silo, lucerne, etc.) on 113 ha.

Number and type of livestock: 56 heads, including cattle – 20 cows, bull – one head, small cattle – 35 heads

Number and type of trees: Apple, pear, apricot, mulberry and nuts – altogether 1570 trees.

Have you expanded the area of land under the technology being tested since you first started experimenting with this package: At present not. Cultivation of pasture crops (izen, eurotia, chogon) is practiced in this farm for the first time.

Why are you interested in this technology package? What are the most beneficial outcomes that you have attained since testing this technology? Due to the global climate warming it is necessary to expand the cultivation area of the pasture forage, drought-resistant crops. Such crops as izen and eurotia are the most drought-resistant pasture cultures. Most of these crops are grown in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous district of Tajikistan. Since 2014 our farmers began to grow these crops in the conditions of the rainfed land of the Central Tajikistan with sufficient precipitation. Besides, they grow mulberry trees. At present the growth and development of the above-mentioned pasture crops is moderate. Chogon did not grow well on the rainfed land of the Gissar valley due to the inappropriate soil. The first 2-3 years of chogon growth and development are the most labor-consuming ones.

What is the next best alternative to use your land, if you did not implement this technology package? Usual (traditional) technology of cultivation of pasture crops.

What are the main advantages/benefits of this technology package being tested relative to the next best alternative that you identified? Use of izen and eurotia as drought-resistant pasture crops in pastures of the Central Tajikistan and their further dissemination.

Have any of your neighbours adopted the technology package that you are testing? No, this technology is practiced for the first time

If yes to the above, which neighbour(s) (specify their names & location)?

What are the main challenges that you have faced since initiating this demonstration site? Labor input for plant care, watering, protection of a demo-site with the purpose of preservation of plants.

In your opinion, is this technology package suitable for all types of farmers? Please explain the answer.

Please explain your answer. This technology gives a good effect in conditions of the rainfed land with abundant precipitation with the annual amounts of 500-600 mm. The crops izen and eurotia, except chogon, exert good development. Further increase of the cultivation area of these crops leads to enrichment of pastures of this zone.

Is this technology package relevant for females in your household? Yes, women collect eurotia as dry fuel (firewood) to use in households (generally in the Gorno-Badakhshansk Autonomous region).

(interview to probe on whether the technology package has affected the number of hours that females provide to agriculture, or whether it has made certain production practices easier (less labour intensive) for women (but also men))? No. The main problem of this technology is a labor intensiveness of cultivation works, high requirement in water, absence of the seed farming, difficulties in collecting seeds, absence of control for plant care (no fence-protection, no control over grazing, etc.).

If you had to pay the full cost for implementing this technology package, would you have initiated this demonstration site?

Project Purpose

Acting as an information repository and knowledge hub, this website helps to increase the use of innovations developed by the well-established CACILM Project in Central Asia. Its synthesis, compilation, and dissemination of current research provide a secure knowledge base that policymakers and other stakeholders can access and utilize to develop sustainable strategies capable of addressing the region’s severe land degradation.

The Project is funded by IFAD and led by ICARDA under framework of CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems.

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