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Central Asian Countries Initiative for Land Management

Agroecosystems

Rasht Valley

Agroecosystem: Mountain

Country: Tajikistan

Province: Rasht Valley.

District: Fayzabadsky area.

Community: Kaljai Dasht Dzhamoat, Elok village

GPS coordinates of farm:     

1st point - N 38.64275; E 69.535403; 2nd point - N 38.641994; E 69.536028;

3rd point - N 38.642072; E 69.536936;            4th point - N 38.643143; E 69.53608

Technology package tested: Establishment of gardens with leguminous crops using drip irrigation.

Area under demonstration: 1 ha.

Starting and ending year of the demonstrated technology package: March, 2014 - June, 2016.

Name of farmer: Vosejkhodzha Rakhimov.

Age: 41.

Household size: 6 people.

Farm type or what is this farm mainly engaged in: Horticulture.

Sources of off farm (household) income: Trade of agricultural products.

What percentage of annual household income comes from agricultural production on the farm: 80%

Total farm size: 11.5 ha, including 9 ha irrigated land, 2.5 ha of pasture.

Source of irrigation: Canal.

Area under crops and type of crops: 9 ha of gardens (apple, nuts, pear), lucerne, wheat, нут.

Number and type of livestock: Cattle 5 cows, small cattle 15, altogether 20 heads.

Number and type of trees: apple, pear, apricot and nuts - 300 trees.

Have you expanded the area of land under the technology being tested since you first started experimenting with this package: At present not, but it is planned to expand the area in 2016-2017 and further.

Why are you interested in this technology package? What are the most beneficial outcomes that you have attained since testing this technology? Saving of irrigation water, prevention of erosion.Results show that from 160 saplings only 2 dried, all the other 158 saplings develop normally. Wheat was grown in row-spacings with a productivity of grain and straw 2.5 and 3.0 t/ha, respectively. Drip irrigation under young saplings was conducted from June to October, 2014. it will be continued in June, 2015. Because of late spring in the Fayzabad area, chick-pea will be sown in row-spacings of apple trees in May, 2015.

What is the next best alternative to use your land, if you did not implement this technology package? The usual (traditional) cultivation technology of apple-tree garden - traditional irrigation causes deterioration of soil properties, leads to land degradation, rising groundwater levels and soil erosion.

What are the main advantages/benefits of this technology package being tested relative to the next best alternative that you identified? Drip irrigation by means of plastic pipes and hoses promote irrigation water saving, provides rational irrigation, prevents excessive irrigation of areas, which should not be irrigated.

Have any of your neighbours adopted the technology package that you are testing?No. This technology is carried out for the first time on 1 ha area in conditions of Fayzabad. The neighboring farmers tried to apply drip irrigation to a young garden independently, but the surviving rates of saplings were very low because of a wrong choice of pipes for drip irrigation that led to loss of the garden. The pipes were intentionally chosen of a larger diameter for delivery of higher volumes of water. This decision was erroneous, especially during drought and insufficiency of water supply during summer periods. As a result, these pipes of large diameter could not deliver even a minimum of water required for irrigation of a garden. This fact showed that application of a drip irrigation will require careful calculations of diameter of pipes; application of pipes with a large diameter will not provide water during drought and low water supply.

If yes to the above, which neighbour(s) (specify their names & location)?

What main problems which you faced from the moment of a laying of this demonstration site? We faced somedifficulties with installation of equipment, the organization of duties during irrigation, protection of planting materials (saplings).

What are the main challenges that you have faced since initiating this demonstration site? Please explain the answer. Yes, it is quite suitable. Groundwater table in the fields is very shallow (0.7-1.0 m). In these conditions, it is not recommended to use excessive water for irrigation. Drip irrigation of young saplings is considered to be a very effective way of irrigation for this region.

In your opinion, is this technology package suitable for all types of farmers?Yes, manual works for women generally decrease. Every year they dig out furrows for irrigation manually.

Project Purpose

Acting as an information repository and knowledge hub, this website helps to increase the use of innovations developed by the well-established CACILM Project in Central Asia. Its synthesis, compilation, and dissemination of current research provide a secure knowledge base that policymakers and other stakeholders can access and utilize to develop sustainable strategies capable of addressing the region’s severe land degradation.

The Project is funded by IFAD and led by ICARDA under framework of CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems.

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