Knowledge-Sharing Platform

Central Asian Countries Initiative for Land Management

Agroecosystems

Osh province

Agroecosystem: Mountain

Country: Kyrgyzstan

Province: Osh province

District: "Achi" pasture, Karasu district, Shark Ayyl Okmotu.

GPS coordinates of farm:

1st point: Y 40.483665 X 72.877822; 3rd point: Y 40.481280 X 72.876872;

2nd point: Y 40.482972 X 72.878301; 4th point: Y 40.481055 X 72.877362.

Technology package tested:       Agroforestry on the basis of gardening

Area under demonstration:        8 ha

Starting and ending year of the demonstrated technology package: 2015

Innovation of technology:

-        improvement of the soil in dry conditions through the development of high-quality pistachio plantations;

-        the irrigation method of young gardens through using plastic bottles;

-        irrigation of horticultural crops with the usage of local irrigation systems during the extreme weather conditions;

-        improvement of soil fertility by using of local resources.

Name of farmer: Mr. Rasulzhan Haitov

Age: 60

Household size: 8 people.

Farm type or what is this farm mainly engaged in (i.e. is this small farm growing vegetables, or farm specializing in gardening, livestock etc.): Gardening, crop production.

Sources of off farm (household) income: Pension

What percentage of annual household income comes from agricultural production on the farm: 30%

Total farm size: 5 ha, including 3.5 ha of the irrigated land.

Source of irrigation: Imported water, 4 tons of water cost 600 som (approximately $ US 10-11).

Area under crops and type of crops: Peaches and pistachio – on 8 ha

Number and type of livestock: Sheep - 4 heads.

Number and type of trees: Pistachio - 6000 trees and peach - 1000 trees.

Have you expanded the area of land under the technology being tested since you first started experimenting with this package: Yes.

Please provide more explanation, if Y to the above. Using this technology, we developed additional 8 ha of waste land.

Why are you interested in this technology package? What are the most beneficial outcomes that you have attained since testing this technology? 70-80% of pistachio trees provide yield in 2-3 years after cultivation (productivity duration of the pistachio trees is 800 - 1000 years).

What is the next best alternative to use your land, if you did not implement this technology package? It is difficult to answer this question.

What are the main advantages/benefits of this technology package being tested relative to the next best alternative that you identified? If water security through constructing deep wells with a downhole equipment of waterwell drilling will be provided, it will be possible to cultivate vegetable crops.

Have any of your neighbours adopted the technology package that you are testing? Yes

If yes to the above, which neighbour(s) (specify their names & location)? Mr. Nurlan Soltonov, Osh province (1.5 ha).

What are the main challenges that you have faced since initiating this demonstration site? The main problem is the lack of water for irrigation.

In your opinion, is this technology package suitable for all types of farmers? Please, explain the answer. Yes, this technology is suitable for those who want to make good income

Is this technology package relevant for females in your household? (interview to probe on whether the technology package has affected the number of hours that females provide to agriculture, or whether it has made certain production practices easier (less labour intensive) for women (but also men))Yes

If you had to pay the full cost for implementing this technology package, would you have initiated this demonstration site? Yes.

Please propose at least one advice that you would like to provide to the agricultural research community or a desire for the development of technologies that can assist you in improving your household’s wellbeing? Installation of a drip irrigation, as water saving technology.

Project Purpose

Acting as an information repository and knowledge hub, this website helps to increase the use of innovations developed by the well-established CACILM Project in Central Asia. Its synthesis, compilation, and dissemination of current research provide a secure knowledge base that policymakers and other stakeholders can access and utilize to develop sustainable strategies capable of addressing the region’s severe land degradation.

The Project is funded by IFAD and led by ICARDA under framework of CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems.

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