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Central Asian Countries Initiative for Land Management

Agroecosystems

Chuy province

Agroecosystem: Irrigated

Country: Kyrgyzstan

Province: Chuy province

District: Studencheskoe village, Sokuluk district.

GPS coordinates of farm:

1st point: Y 42.958287 X 74.383596;    3rd point: Y 42.951289 X 74.385729;

2nd point: Y 42.957938 X 74.385698;   4th point: Y 42.951547 X 74.383673.

Technology package tested: Agrotechnology of tomatoes and maize production under plastic film

Area under demonstration: 1 ha

Starting and ending year of the demonstrated technology package: 2014-2015.

Name of farmer: The chairman of farm, Mr. O. Mamayev (agronomist).

Age: 47

Household size: 5 people.

Farm type or what is this farm mainly engaged in (i.e. is this small farm growing vegetables, or farm specializing in gardening, livestock etc.): Crop production.

Sources of off farm (household) income: Trade of the agricultural products.

What percentage of annual household income comes from agricultural production on the farm: 70%.

Total farm size: 18.2 ha, including 13.2 ha of the irrigated land.

Source of irrigation: Well.

Area under crops and type of crops: Winter wheat - 5 ha, alfalfa - 3 ha, maize - 3 ha, summer barley - 5 ha, vegetables - 2 ha.

Number and type of livestock: Cattle – 10 heads, small cattle - 25 heads.

Number and type of trees: Apple - 50 trees, poplar – 20 trees.

Have you expanded the area of land under the technology being tested since you first started experimenting with this package: yes/no? No.

Why are you interested in this technology package? What are the most beneficial outcomes that you have attained since testing this technology? Agricultural productivity is increased by 20-25 %, water saving by 30-35 %.

What is the next best alternative to use your land, if you did not implement this technology package? Probably drip irrigation.

What are the main advantages/benefits of this technology package being tested relative to the next best alternative that you identified? A need for a relatively low amount of the starting capital - till 70 %.

Have any of your neighbours adopted the technology package that you are testing? Yes.

If yes to the above, which neighbour(s) (specify their names & location)? Mr. Berunbek Mamayev, Sokuluk district.

What are the main challenges that you have faced since initiating this demonstration site? There is a lack of a system of agricultural machinery.

In your opinion, is this technology package suitable for all types of farmers? Please, explain the answer. Yes, this technology is suitable for those who want to make good income

Is this technology package relevant for females in your household? (interview to probe on whether the technology package has affected the number of hours that females provide to agriculture, or whether it has made certain production practices easier (less labour intensive) for women (but also men))Yes. They do weeding, harvest crop yield.

If you had to pay the full cost for implementing this technology package, would you have initiated this demonstration site? Most likely yes.

Please propose at least one advice that you would like to provide to the agricultural research community or a desire for the development of technologies that can assist you in improving your household’s wellbeing. Be closer to farmers, to communicate more frequently in order to identify problems in advance, and define proper management decisions.

Project Purpose

Acting as an information repository and knowledge hub, this website helps to increase the use of innovations developed by the well-established CACILM Project in Central Asia. Its synthesis, compilation, and dissemination of current research provide a secure knowledge base that policymakers and other stakeholders can access and utilize to develop sustainable strategies capable of addressing the region’s severe land degradation.

The Project is funded by IFAD and led by ICARDA under framework of CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems.

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