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Central Asian Countries Initiative for Land Management

Agroecosystems

Osh province

Agroecosystem: Pasture

Country: Kyrgyzstan

Province: Osh province

District: Karasu district

Community: “Top Terek” site

GPS coordinates of farm:

1st point: Y 40.303233; X 73.246050;   3rd point: Y 40.303703; X 73.248706

2nd point: Y 40.302662; X 73.251470;   4th point: Y 40.300260; X 73.253696

Technology package tested: Sowing andreproduction of seeds of cereal herbs.

Area under demonstration: 3.5 ha

Starting and ending year of the demonstrated technology package: 2015-2017.

Name of farmer: Mr.Nurlan Soltonov. Tel: 0556 97 00 65, 0779 72 04 71

Age: 41

Household size: 9 people

Farm type or what is this farm mainly engaged in: Animal husbandry

Sources of off farm (household) income: Pension

What percentage of annual household income comes from agricultural production on the farm: 60%

Total farm size: 56 ha, including 20 ha of the irrigated land

Source of irrigation: Canal

Area under crops and type of crops: wheat, barley - 6 ha, haymaking - 3 ha.

Number and type of livestock: Cattle – 20 heads, small cattle – 150 heads, horses – 2 heads

Number and type of trees: 150 apple-trees

Have you expanded the area of land under the technology being tested since you first started experimenting with this package: Yes

Please provide more explanation, if Y to the above: Experiment will be conducted inside a plot, i.e., the available pasture areas will be converted to a cultivated pasture. The area is 2 ha

Why are you interested in this technology package? What are the most beneficial outcomes that you have attained since testing this technology? We reproduce esparset. The experiment is just began. Currently, we are preparing the site.

What is the next best alternative to use your land, if you did not implement this technology package? Agroforestry.

What are the main advantages/benefits of this technology package being tested relative to the next best alternative that you identified? Have not defined yet.

Have any of your neighbours adopted the technology package that you are testing? Yes.

If yes to the above, which neighbour(s) (specify their names & location)? Kubat Sultanov plans to apply this technology. His address is: Karasu district, Shark ayil okmoty.

What are the main challenges that you have faced since initiating this demonstration site? Protection. We experienced a lack of labor power. Problems with irrigation water.

In your opinion, is this technology package suitable for all types of farmers? Please, explain the answer. It is suitable, but not for all farmers. This technology suits those who have pasture land.

Is this technology package relevant for females in your household? (interview to probe on whether the technology package has affected the number of hours that females provide to agriculture, or whether it has made certain production practices easier (less labour intensive) for women (but also men)). Yes

If you had to pay the full cost for implementing this technology package, would you have initiated this demonstration site? Probably not.

Please propose at least one advice that you would like to provide to the agricultural research community or a desire for the development of technologies that can assist you in improving your household’s wellbeing. Once again, work and work.

Project Purpose

Acting as an information repository and knowledge hub, this website helps to increase the use of innovations developed by the well-established CACILM Project in Central Asia. Its synthesis, compilation, and dissemination of current research provide a secure knowledge base that policymakers and other stakeholders can access and utilize to develop sustainable strategies capable of addressing the region’s severe land degradation.

The Project is funded by IFAD and led by ICARDA under framework of CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems.

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