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Central Asian Countries Initiative for Land Management

Agroecosystems

Almaty province

Agroecosystem: Pasture

Country: Kazakhstan

Province: Almaty province

District: Iliy district

Community: Experimental site of the Kazakh research institute of animal husbandry and fodder production (KazRIAHFP)

GPS coordinates of farm:     

1st point - N 43.422424; E 76.819306; 2nd point - N 43.42282;  E 76.817372;

3rd point - N 43.415903; E 76.817492; 4th point - N 43.416496; E 76.815606

Altitude above sea level – 650-656 m.a.s.l.

Slope - more than 3-5°

Total site area - 226 ha.

Technology package tested: Pasture agroecosystem: (Improvement of pastures) «Green technology of cultivation of forage crops with the use of waste water» (Development of "green" technology of cultivation of irrigated forage crops for the purpose of ensuring high productivity and quality of forage in the development of intensive cropping systems in the Republic of Kazakhstan).

Innovation of technology

Sowing of annual crops on the old-sparse alfalfa fields.

Area under demonstration: 10 ha

Starting and ending year of the demonstrated technology package: March - December, 2015

Total farm size: 226 ha, including 10 ha of the irrigated land

Source of irrigation: Canal

Area under crops and type of crops: winter barley - 35 ha; winter wheat - 54 ha; esparcet - 55 ha; zhitnit - 47 ha; alfalfa - 25 ha

Number and type of livestock: Cattle – 8 heads; small cattle - 40 heads

Number and type of trees: -

Have you expanded the area of land under the technology being tested since you first started experimenting with this package? - No.

Why are you interested in this technology package? What are the most beneficial outcomes that you have attained since testing this technology? - Increase of productivity of alfalfa’s green biomass during the first year of cultivation.

What is the next best alternative to use your land, if you did not implement this technology package? – Cultivation of perennial forage crops (izen, eurotia, chogon).

What are the main advantages/benefits of this technology package being tested relative to the next best alternative that you identified? - Increase of productivity of alfalfa’s green biomass during the first year of cultivation.

Have any of your neighbours adopted the technology package that you are testing? - No.

If yes to the above, which neighbour(s) (specify their names & location)?

What are the main challenges that you have faced since initiating this demonstration site? - Lack of special sowing equipment.

In your opinion, is this technology package suitable for all types of farmers? - Yes.

Is this technology package relevant for females in your household? (interview to probe on whether the technology package has affected the number of hours that females provide to agriculture, or whether it has made certain production practices easier (less labour intensive) for women (but also men))- No.

If you had to pay the full cost for implementing this technology package, would you have initiated this demonstration site? - Yes.

Please propose at least one advice that you would like to provide to the agricultural research community or a desire for the development of technologies that can assist you in improving your household’s wellbeing. The conception of agricultural production on the basis of productivity increase of the natural resources use by 2020 declares to raise productivity of agricultural production by 1.5 times. For this purpose, six principles of establishment of "green" agriculture are suggested to carry out in practice: rational water use, introduction of water resources saving technologies; rational use of resources; transition to use of such technologies that provide a reduction/prevention of pollution of the soil, air and water.

Project Purpose

Acting as an information repository and knowledge hub, this website helps to increase the use of innovations developed by the well-established CACILM Project in Central Asia. Its synthesis, compilation, and dissemination of current research provide a secure knowledge base that policymakers and other stakeholders can access and utilize to develop sustainable strategies capable of addressing the region’s severe land degradation.

The Project is funded by IFAD and led by ICARDA under framework of CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems.

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