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Central Asian Countries Initiative for Land Management

Agroecosystems

Southern Kazakhstan province

Agroecosystem: Rainfed

Country: Kazakhstan

Province: Kazakhstan, South Kazakhstan province

District: Sayram

Community: Tassay base station, South-Western research institute of livestock and plant science

GPS coordinates of farm:     

1st point - Y 42.360823; X 69.741225; 2nd point - Y 42.362983; X 69.747070;

3rd point - Y 42.360972; X 69.748274; 4th point - Y 42.358268; X 69.744185

Altitude above sea level - 600-625 m.a.s.l.

Technology package tested: Direct sowing of alfalfa and grain spiked crops

Area under demonstration: Alfalfa -10 ha and grain crops - 10 ha

Starting and ending year of the demonstrated technology package: 2014-2016.

Farm type or what is this farm mainly engaged in: Seed farming of grain crops.

Sources of off farm (household) income:

What percentage of annual household income comes from agricultural production on the farm:

Total farm size: 1003 ha, including 90 ha of irrigated land.

Source of irrigation: Canal.

Area under crops and type of crops: winter wheat - 350-400 ha, summer barley - 100 ha, alfalfa - 50 ha.

Number and type of livestock: No.

Number and type of trees: -

Have you expanded the area of land under the technology being tested since you first started experimenting with this package: No.

Why are you interested in this technology package? What are the most beneficial outcomes that you have attained since testing this technology? Implementation of this technology will allow farmers to lower direct costs of winter wheat production by 35-40%, of alfalfa by 18-30%, and application of raised-bed and furrow technology the amount of seeds for sowing decreases 2.0-2.5 times with a substantial decrease of net cost of grain.

What is the next best alternative to use your land, if you did not implement this technology package? Minimum soil tillage.

What are the main advantages/benefits of this technology package being tested relative to the next best alternative that you identified? The main advantages of this offered technology is a decrease of direct costs of cultivation of winter wheat and alfalfa (by 17-40%); reduction of application amounts of winter wheat seeds.

Have any of your neighbours adopted the technology package that you are testing? Yes

If yes to the above, which neighbour(s) (specify their names & location)? Farmers of the Sayram district, the village named after H.A.Yassavi (Bobokhodzhayev A.), Karobau LLP (Smagul K.) and Sapa LLP (Ashirov N. S.) of the Kazygurt district of the Southern Kazakhstan province (more than 1000 ha).

What are the main challenges that you have faced since initiating this demonstration site? Low financial security of farmers, lack of a sowing machinery complex for direct crop sowing (zero tillage technology) of alfalfa and winter wheat. Lack of seeder for raised bed sowing. Weak knowledge of farmers about the recommended technology. Insufficient dissemination of knowledge, etc.

In your opinion, is this technology package suitable for all types of farmers? The offered technology is suitable for all forms of economic organization and can be successfully introduced in the farms in the Southeast of Kazakhstan and in the Central Asian region.

Is this technology package relevant for females in your household? Yes

(interview to probe on whether the technology package has affected the number of hours that females provide to agriculture, or whether it has made certain production practices easier (less labour intensive) for women (but also men))

Introduction of the offered technology leads to the considerable reduction of the manual work and technological process of alfalfa and winter wheat cultivation. In addition, introduction of this technology leads to the reduced needs for women and men resources, which helps involve them to other types of work.

If you had to pay the full cost for implementing this technology package, would you have initiated this demonstration site? Financial capacities of the farmers are limited. Therefore, in order to fully convince the farmers and before the wide dissemination in the farms in certain regions the farmers must first be supported financially for the purchase of fuels and lubricants, herbicide, and mineral fertilizers.

Please propose at least one advice that you would like to provide to the agricultural research community or a desire for the development of technologies that can assist you in improving your household’s wellbeing?

It is necessary to implement the offered technology in farms under the direct guidance of the author of these technologies.

Project Purpose

Acting as an information repository and knowledge hub, this website helps to increase the use of innovations developed by the well-established CACILM Project in Central Asia. Its synthesis, compilation, and dissemination of current research provide a secure knowledge base that policymakers and other stakeholders can access and utilize to develop sustainable strategies capable of addressing the region’s severe land degradation.

The Project is funded by IFAD and led by ICARDA under framework of CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems.

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